In Felix, arrays are first class values.
An array is given a type consisting of the base type and length.
is a the type of an array of 4 ints. Note, the 4 there is not an integer but a unitsum type.
An array is given by a list of comma separated expressions:
var a :int^4 = 1,2,3,4;
The most fundamental operation is the application of a projection to extract the n’th component of an array. Components are numbered from 0 up.
var a :int^4 = 1,2,3,4; for i in 0..<4 do println$ a.i; done
The projection here is indicated by the int i. An expression can be used provided it is in bounds.
The length of an array may be obtained with the len function. The value returned is of type size which can be converted to int as shown:
var x = 1,2,3,4; var lx = x.len.int; println$ lx; // 4
A for loop may take an array argument. The control variable takes on all the values in the array starting with the first.
var x = 1,2,3,4; var sum = 0; for v in x do sum = sum + v; done println$ sum;